The Church of Saint Carlo
The history of the church of Saint Carlo is closely related to those of Saint Nicola and Saint Andrea which are also located in the area of Piano Scarana. The first mention of the church dates by to 1122, when a document was cited in the Liber Clavium, with the name of S. Niccolò del Piano. Subsequently, the name appears in other documents, such as the Bolla Papale, of the popes, issued by Urbana IV in 1262. In 1560, S. Carlo was annexed to the parish of Saint Andrea. In the following century, it became the Hospice of Convalescents, founded to accommodate and feed patients discharged from the town hospital. In 1639 the church was home to Confraternita degli Oblati (Brotherhood of the Oblates) founded by Clarice Marescotti, the future Saint Giacinta. The brotherhood’s mission was to help “the poor, old, and the unable to work.” With using the latin law “ecclesiam cum stantiis et horto simul junctis” they accepted people transferred from the old Hospice of the Convalescents. Today this structure is known as the “Hospice of the Old.” It was housed in the building annexed to the church in the eighteenth century. The only remains of the ancient and medieval convent is the cloister. In 1989 the entire complex of S.Carlo because part of the Università degli Studi della Tuscia.
The Church, shows a series of intervention restored between 1994 and 2002 requested by the Soprintendenza ai Monumenti del Lazio, presents a three-part front with a roof covering and characterized by the presence of a high bell tower a sail with two bells, of which the bigger one was made in 1285. The front is presented with an installation of simple romantic style with a cabin roof. Three windows open to the height of the respective nave; a central window is above the portal of access and two symmetrical for both of the naves.
The interior is divided into three naves by a double series of three columns decorated with capital crowns. To the right, on top of the second column there is a painting depicting The Madonna of the Column (dating back to the 15th century). The lunette of the door, located on the right wall, is decorated with a painting (created in the first half of the thirteenth century) of Christ between Madonna and San Giovanni. Since 2002, the whole architectural complex, known as S. Carlo is the seat of the Faculty of Political Science. The church is home to the Great Hall of the Faculty while the seventeenth century building houses classrooms and administrative offices.
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